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激光对人体的伤害及其安全防护(一)
时间:2017.03.02 来源: 作者:

      JIGUANGZAIYIXUESHANGDEYINGYONGYIDEDAOTUOZHAN,ERQIEYINGYONGDELINGYUBUDUANKUODA,ZAIYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONGRUBUZHUYIDUIJIGUANGDEANQUANFANGHU,ZEKENENGZAOCHENGYIWAISHANGHAI,ZAILINCHUANGYINGYONGZHONGFASHENGDEYIWAISHIGUYIYOUBAODAO。ZAICHONGFENFAHUIHESHIYONGHAOJIGUANGDETONGSHI,BIXUJINXINGANQUANFANGHU。

澳门明升集团 YI、JIGUANGDUIYANJINGDESHANGHAIGUANXI

澳门明升集团 JIGUANGBOZHANGYUYANJINGSHANGHAI:ZAIJIGUANGDESHANGHAIZHONG,YIJITIZHONGYANJINGDESHANGHAIZUIWEIYANZHONG。BOZHANGZAIKEJIANGUANGHEJINHONGWAIGUANGDEJIGUANG,YANQUGUANGJIEZHIDEXISHOULVJIAODI,TOUSHELVGAO,ERQUGUANGJIEZHIDEJUJIAONENGLI(JIJUGUANGLI)QIANG。QIANGDUGAODEKEJIANHUOJINHONGWAIGUANGJINRUYANJINGSHIKEYITOUGUORENYANQUGUANGJIEZHI,JUJIGUANGYUSHIWANGMOSHANG。CISHISHIWANGMOSHANGDEJIGUANGNENGLIANGMIDUJIGONGLVMIDUTIGAODAOJIQIANSHENZHIJIWANBEI,DALIANGDEGUANGNENGZAISHUNJIANJUZHONGYUSHIWANGMOSHANG,ZHISHIWANGMODEGANGUANGXIBAOCENGWENDUXUNSUSHENGGAO,YIZHISHIGANGUANGXIBAONINGGUBIANXINGHUAISIERSHIQUGANGUANGDEZUOYONG。JIGUANGJUYUGANGUANGXIBAOSHICHANSHENGGUOREERYINQIDEDANBAIZHININGGUBIANXINGSHIBUNENGKENIDESUNSHANG。YIDANSUNSHANGYIHOUJIUHUIZAOCHENGYANJINGDEYONGJIUSHIMING。

JIGUANGDEBOZHANGBUTONGDUIYANQIUZUOYONGDECHENGDUBUTONG,QIHOUGUOYEBUTONG。YUANHONGWAIJIGUANGDUIYANJINGDESUNHAIZHUYAOYIJIAOMOWEIZHU,ZHEISHIYINWEIZHEILEIBOZHANGDEJIGUANGJIHUQUANBUBEIJIAOMOXISHOU,SUOYIJIAOMOSUNSHANGZUIZHONG,ZHUYAOYINQIJIAOMOYANHEJIEMOYAN,HUANZHEGANDAOYANJINGTONG,YIWUYANGCIJI、PAGUANG、LIUYANLEI、YANQIUCHONGXUE,SHILIXIAJIANGDENG。FASHENGYUANHONGWAIGUANGSUNSHANGSHIYINGZHEZHUBAOHUSHANGYAN,FANGZHIGANRANFASHENG,DUIZHENGCHULI。

澳门明升集团 ZIWAIJIGUANGDUIYANDESUNSHANGZHUYAOSHIJIAOMOHEJINGZHUANGTI,CIBODUANDEZIWAIJIGUANGJIHUQUANBUBEIYANDEJINGZHUANGTIXISHOU,ERZHONGYUANYIJIAOMOXISHOUWEIZHU,YINERKEZHIJINGZHUANGTIJIJIAOMOHUNZHUO。

ER、RENSHEJIGUANGQIANGDUJIYANSUNSHANGGUANXI

JIGUANGSUNHAIYANJINGDECHENGDUCHULEYUBUTONGBOZHANGDEJIGUANGYOUGUANWAI(CO2JIGUANG10.6μm;Nd∶YAG laser1.06μm,He-Ne laser 632.8nm),HAIYUJIGUANGJINRUYANJINGZONGDEGUANGNENGLIANG、NENGLIANGMIDUJIGONGLVMIDUXIANGGUANLIAN。

JIGUANGDEZHONGLEIZHONG,DANGKEJIANHUOJINHONGWAIJIGUANGGONGLVMIDUHENDISHIBUYINQIYANJINGDEJIXINGSUNHAI。ZHUYAOYUANYINSHIYOUYUJIGUANGDEGONGLVMIDUDI,SHIWANGMOZUZHISUIJIESHOULEJIGUANGGUANGZINENGLIANGZHUJIANBIANRE,DANRELIANGYIFANGMIANTONGGUOFENZIZHENDONGBARELIANGCHUANJIZHOUWEIZUZHI,ZAICHUANDAOYANJINGWAIMIAN;ERLINGYIFANGMIANKEYIJIANGRELIANGCHUANJIMIBUYUWANGMODICENGMAILUOMOLIDEWEIXUEGUAN,SUIZHEWEIXUEGUANZHONGXUEYEXUNHUANZAISANFADAOYANWAIQU。YINCI,SHIWANGMOZHIZHENGYANDEWENDUWUMINGXIANSHENGGAO,HUOLVEYOUWEIWENBIANHUA,RENGSHIZAIDUIYANJINGWANQUANWUHAIDEFANWEINEI。

SHIWANGMODESUNSHANGQUJUEYUGONGLV、SHIJIAN,RUDANGKEJIANHUOJINHONGWAILIANXUJIGUANGDEGONGLVMIDUBUDUANZENGJIA,ZHISHIWANGMOSHANGDERELIANGJULEISUDUDAYUSANRESUDUSHI,HUOGONGLVMIDUBUSHIHENGAO,DANSHIWANGMOXISHOUSHIJIANTAIZHANG,SHIWANGMOJIESHOUGUANGZILIUBUWEIDEWENDUBISHENGGAO,JIZHAOSHESHIJIANYUEZHANG,WENDUSHENGGAOYUEDA,WENDUSHENGGAOYUEDA,CHAOGUOZHENGCHANGYANWEN10℃YISHANG,JIUYAOYINQISHIWANGMOSUNHAI。

1.TONGKONGDAXIAOJISUNHAICHENGDU

TONGKONGDEDAXIAODUISHOUSHANGCHENGDUYOUYIDINGBILIGUANXI。SUOXIAODETONGKONGKEYIJIANSHAOJINRUYANDIDEJIGUANGLIANG。TONGKONGYUEDAJINRUYANNEIDEJIGUANGLIANGYUEDA,YANDISUNSHANGCHENGDUYUEZHONG,YUEGENGBUKENIZHUAN。YINCI,TONGKONGSUOXIAODUIBAOHUYANDISHIWANGMO,FANGZHIJIGUANGSHUSUNSHANGYOUYIDINGDEYIYI。

澳门明升集团 2.TONGKONGDEBIANHUAYUHUANJINGBUTONG

ZAIGUANGXIANJIAOANDESHINEI,TONGKONGSANKAIJIUDA,ZAIZHEIYANGDEHUANJINGZHONGDIAOSHI,SHIYONGJIGUANGQIZHE,BIXUSHENZHONGBAOHUYANJING。YINCISHIYANJINGDETONGKONGWAIYUZUIDAZHUANGTAI,JINGUANGLIANGSUISHAO,YEZUIRONGYISHANGHAIYANJINGSHIWANGMO。SUOXIAODETONGKONG,CHUNENGJIANSHAOJINGUANGLIANGERWAI,TONGKONGWAIDEJIGUANGLIANGKEBEIHONGMOXISHOU、ERJIANGRELIANGYOUHONGMODEWEIXUEGUANKUOSANZHUANYI。YIBANRENDEYANJING,ZAISHIYINGANDEHUANJINGSHI,TONGKONGZHIJINGWEI7~8mm,ZAIKEJIANDEQIANGGUANGXIAKEYISUOXIAODAOZHIYOU1.5mm,TONGCHANGZAIBAITIANTONGKONGZHIJINGYUE2~3mm。YINER,ZUIDATONGKONGYUZUIXIAOTONGKONGZHIJIANDETOUGUANGMIANJIXIANGCHA20BEIYISHANG。

SAN、YANJINGSHANGHAIZHONGJIGUANGDERUSHEJIAODU

澳门明升集团 YOUYUYANQIUDETESHUJIEPOUJITESHUSHENGLIGUANXI,JIGUANGDUISHIWANGMODESUNSHANGYURUSHEYANJINGJIAODUYOUJINMIGUANXI。YUANYINSHIYANQIUZISHENWEIYIJUGUANGTOUJINGXITONG,SHERUDEJIGUANGGUANGSHUYUSHIZHOUXIANPINGXINGJINRUYANNEISHI,YUYANDIHUANGBANQUZHONGYANGAOCHUJUJIAOCHENGHENXIAODEGUANGBAN,QINENGLIANGMIDUBIJIAOMOCHUGAO3~4BEI。ERHUANGBANQUZHONGYANGAOSHIYANJINGSHIJUEGONGNENGZUILINGMINJIZUIZHONGYAODEQUYU,YIDANSHOUSUNSHIJUEGONGNENGJIANGFASHENGBUTONGCHENGDUDEGAIBIAN。YANZHONGZHEJIANGZHONGSHENSHIMING。YINWEISHIJUESHOUJIGUANGGUANGZIDESUNSHANGHOU,ZHIGANGUANGXIBAONINGGUBIANXINGHUAISI,ZAOCHENGBUKENIXINGSUNSHANG。

BAITIAN,RENYANDESESHIJUEWANQUANKAOHUANGBANBUDEGANGUANGZUOYONGHUODE,HUANGBANBUDEMIANJISUIZHIZHANSHIWANGMOZONGMIANJIDEHENSHAOYIBUFEN,ZHONGYANGAOZHIJINGZHIYOU0.5mmZUOYOU。DANFANYINGDESHIYE(YANJINGNINGSHIQIANFANGSUONENGKANQINGDEZONGMIANJI)QUEZHANHENDABILI。SHENGLIJIEGOUSHANGHUANGBANBUZHONGYANGAOYOU2~3WANGEZHANGERXIDEZHUITIGANGUANGXIBAOZUCHENG,GANGUANGXIBAOFENBUMIDUHENGAO,ZHUYAODANFUSHIJUEGONGNENG。ZAISHOUDAOSUNSHANGHOUDUIBAIZHOUSESHIJUEGONGNENGJIUSANGSHI。ZAIZHE,SHIWANGMOHUANGBANDEZHONGYANGAOCHUWUXUEGUANJISHENJINGFENBU,YINCIZHEIBUWEIDERELIANGKUOSANGONGNENGHENCHA,YIDANSUNSHANGHOU,ZAIXIUFUDEXIWANGHENMIAOMANG。ZHONGYANGAOSHISHIWANGMOZUIBORUODEDIFANG,ZAISHOUDAOJIGUANGZUOYONGHOUBISHIWANGMOZHONGQITABUWEIGENGRONGYIZAODAOPOHUAI,YINCIJIGUANGZHISHEYANJINGFEICHANGWEIXIAN。

澳门明升集团 DANGJIGUANGSHAOPIANLISHIZHOUJIAODURUSHEYANJINGSHI,JUJIAOGUANGBANBUHUILUOYUHUANGBANQU,ERLUOZAIQIWAIWEIDESHIWANGMOSHANG。YINCIRUSHEJIAODUBUTONG,QISUNSHANGJIUBUYIYANG,JISHIHEZHISHESHISUOJINRUYANJINGDENENGLIANGWANQUANXIANGTONG,DANSUOYINQIDESHANGHAIJIUQINGDEDUO。QIYUANYINSHIHUANGBANYIWAIDEBUWEISHANGGANGUANGXIBAOBIHUANGBANQUFENBUMIDUYAOSHAODEDUO,ERQIEHUANGBANYIWAIDESHIWANGMOJIAOHOU,DANWEIMIANJISHANGJIESHOUDAOXIANGTONGDENENGLIANG,QIWENDUSHENGGAODECHENGDUYAOXIAODEDUO。CIWAI,HUANGBANQUYIWAIDESHIWANGMOLIMIBUZHEWEIXUEGUAN,XUEYEXUNHUANZHONGKEDAIZOUBUFENRELIANG,JIUSHIWENDUSHENGGAODEKENENGXINGJIANSHAO。WENDUSHENGGAO,SUNSHANGYUEZHONG;FANZHI,WENDUSHENGGAODECHENGDUYUEXIAO,SUNSHANGDEKENENGXINGYUEQING。JIGUANGDUISHIWANGMODEJISUNSHANGZHUYAODEZUOYONGSHIREXIAOYINGYINQI。

澳门明升集团 JIGUANGRUSHEJIAOBUYUSHIZHOUTONGBU,PIANLIJIAODUYUEDA,SHIWANGMODESUNSHANGYUEQING,HONGMOKEDANGZHUPIANLIDEJIGUANGERBUHUIJINRUYANDI。YOUYUHUANGBANBUWEIZHONGYANGAOZAISHIJUEGONGNENGZHONGQIDEZUOYONGJIZHONGYAO,ERQIEZHEIBUWEIYOUZUIRONGYISHOUSUNSHANG,SUOYIZHISHIJIGUANGSHUDEWEIXIANCHENGDUYAOBIPIANLISHIZHOUYIGEJIAODUSHERUYANJINGSHERUYANJINGDEWEIXIANCHENGDUDAHENDUO,BIXUJUEDUIBIMIAN。

澳门明升集团 SI、YANDISESUHANLIANGJISHANGHAIGUANXI

澳门明升集团 YANDISESUHANLIANGDUOSHAOJISHOUDAOJIGUANGSHANGHAICHENGDUYOUTEDINGGUANXI。SESUZUZHIJIRONGYIXISHOUJIGUANGNENGLIANG,GUSESUHANLIANGDUOSHAOZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOJIGUANGDUISHIWANGMODESUNSHANGSHIDU。WENXIANBAODAOJITIFUSESHENQIANYUYANDISESUCHENGZHENGXIANGGUANLIANXI,PIFUHEISEZHONGZHE,QIYANDISUOHANDESESUSHULIANGYEDUO;PIFUSEBAIZHE,YANDIHANSESUSHULIANGXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO。GUERSESUHANLIANGYUEDUO,DUIJIGUANGDEXISHOUCHENGDUYEQIANG,ZAOSHOUSUNSHANGDECHENGDUYUEDA。YANJINGZUZHIXISHOULECHAOGUOQIBENSHENDEZHISHANGYUZHIDENENGLIANGYIHOUJIUJIANGSHOUDAOSHANGHAI。CHAOCHUYUEDUO,SHOUDAODESHANGHAIJIUYUEZHONG。